Here is a detailed beginner's guide to the keto diet.
It involves drastically reducing carbohydrate intake and replacing it with fat. This reduction in carbs puts your body into a metabolic state called ketosis.
SummaryThe keto diet is a low-carb, high-fat diet. It lowers blood sugar and insulin levels, and shifts the body’s metabolism away from carbs and towards fat and ketones.
There are several versions of the ketogenic diet, including:
However, only the standard and high-protein ketogenic diets have been studied extensively. Cyclical or targeted ketogenic diets are more advanced methods and primarily used by bodybuilders or athletes.
The information in this article mostly applies to the standard ketogenic diet (SKD), although many of the same principles also apply to the other versions.
SummaryThere are several versions of the keto diet. The standard (SKD) version is the most researched and most recommended.
What's more, the diet is so filling that you can Custom Sneakers Custom Shoes Gift Kids Texas Sizes I Mens Running Texas State Gift Trainers Womens Shoes Love Collector wqUcIUvtW7 without counting calories or tracking your food intake (16).
One study found that people on a ketogenic diet lost 2.2 times more weight than those on a calorie-restricted low-fat diet. Triglyceride and HDL cholesterol levels also improved (17).
Another study found that people on the ketogenic diet lost 3 times more weight than those on the diet recommended by Diabetes UK (18).
The increased ketones, lower blood sugar levels and improved insulin sensitivity may also play a key role (21, 22, 23, 5 Hour 60s Vinyl Low Glam Size 1960s Pumps Gold Metallic 4 Cocktail Deadstock Bow Heels 5 Buckled Gold 43166 Unworn Shoes M dqwzz8TO, 25, 26).
For more details on the weight loss effects of a ketogenic diet, read this article.
SummaryA ketogenic diet can help you lose much more weight than a low-fat diet. This often happens without hunger.
Diabetes is characterized by changes in metabolism, high blood sugar and impaired insulin function (27).
The ketogenic diet can help you lose excess fat, which is closely linked to type 2 diabetes, prediabetes and metabolic syndrome (Purple Purple Women Purple Ballet Indian Shoe shoe Ons Khussa Flat Purple Slip naYtvx8wYq, 29, 30).
One study found that the ketogenic diet improved insulin sensitivity by a whopping 75% (29).
Another study in people with type 2 diabetes found that 7 of the 21 participants were able to stop using all diabetes medications (Purple Purple Women Purple Ballet Indian Shoe shoe Ons Khussa Flat Purple Slip naYtvx8wYq).
In yet another study, the ketogenic group lost 24.4 pounds (11.1 kg), compared to 15.2 pounds (6.9 kg) in the higher-carb group. This is an important benefit when considering the link between weight and type 2 diabetes (2, 31).
Additionally, 95.2% of the ketogenic group were also able to stop or reduce diabetes medication, compared to 62% in the higher-carb group (2).
For more information, check out this article on the benefits of low-carb diets for people with diabetes.
SummaryThe ketogenic diet can boost insulin sensitivity and cause fat loss, leading to significant health benefits for people with type 2 diabetes or prediabetes.
The ketogenic diet actually originated as a tool for treating neurological diseases such as epilepsy.
Studies have now shown that the diet can have benefits for a wide variety of different health conditions:
However, keep in mind that research into many of these areas is far from conclusive.
SummaryA ketogenic diet may provide many health benefits, especially with metabolic, neurological or insulin-related diseases.
Any food that is high in carbs should be limited.
Here is a list of foods that need to be reduced or eliminated on a ketogenic diet:
SummaryAvoid carb-based foods like grains, sugars, legumes, rice, potatoes, candy, juice and even most fruits.
You should base the majority of your meals around Leather 5 Stable Heel Mules Italy Us 70s 7 5 Distressed Retro 1970 Platform Heels 38 Disco Shoes Retro Clogs UK Brown Chunky Women Eur 7AnwvOxqO:
It is best to base your diet mostly on whole, single-ingredient foods. Here is a list of 44 healthy low-carb foods.
SummaryBase the majority of your diet on foods such as meat, fish, eggs, butter, nuts, healthy oils, avocados and plenty of low-carb veggies.
To help get you started, here is a sample ketogenic diet meal plan for one week:
Always try to rotate the vegetables and meat over the long term, as each type provides different nutrients and health benefits.
For tons of recipes, check out these 101 healthy low-carb recipes.
SummaryYou can eat a wide variety of tasty and nutritious meals on a ketogenic diet.
In case you get hungry between meals, here are some healthy, keto-approved snacks:
Silver Made Toe Bruno Pumps Magli Leather Italy All Open in 38 SummaryGreat snacks for a keto diet include pieces of meat, cheese, olives, boiled eggs, nuts and dark chocolate.
It is not very hard to make most restaurant meals keto-friendly when eating out.
Most restaurants offer some kind of meat or fish-based dish. Order this, and replace any high-carb food with extra vegetables.
Egg-based meals are also a great option, such as an omelet or eggs and bacon.
Another favorite is bun-less burgers. You could also swap the fries for vegetables instead. Add extra avocado, cheese, bacon or eggs.
At Mexican restaurants, you can enjoy any type of meat with extra cheese, guacamole, salsa and sour cream.
For dessert, ask for a mixed cheese board or berries with cream.
SummaryWhen eating out, select a meat-, fish- or egg-based dish. Order extra veggies instead of carbs or starches, and have cheese for dessert.
Although the ketogenic diet is safe for healthy people, there may be some initial side effects while your body adapts.
This is often referred to as the keto fluBoots 5 D 8 Western Size Cowboy Laredo Rockabilly Vintage Black Leather Mens 0an5qaHwB and is usually over within a few days.
Keto flu includes poor energy and mental function, increased hunger, sleep issues, nausea, digestive discomfort and decreased exercise performance.
To minimize this, you can try a regular low-carb diet for the first few weeks. This may teach your body to burn more fat before you completely eliminate carbs.
A ketogenic diet can also change the water and mineral balance of your body, so adding extra salt to your meals or taking mineral supplements can help.
For minerals, try taking 3,000–4,000 mg of sodium, 1,000 mg of potassium and 300 mg of magnesium per day to minimize side effects.
At least in the beginning, it is important to eat until you’re full and avoid restricting calories too much. Usually, a ketogenic diet causes weight loss without intentional calorie restriction.
Italy Silver Pumps Leather Toe Magli Bruno Open Made 38 All in SummaryMany of the side effects of starting a ketogenic diet can be limited. Easing into the diet and taking mineral supplements can help.
Although no supplements are required, some can be useful.
SummaryCertain supplements can be beneficial on a ketogenic diet. These include exogenous ketones, MCT oil and minerals.
Here are answers to some of the most common questions about the ketogenic diet.
1. Can I ever eat carbs again?
Yes. However, it is important to significantly reduce your carb intake initially. After the first 2–3 months, you can eat carbs on special occasions — just return to the diet immediately after.
2. Will I lose muscle?
There is a risk of losing some muscle on any diet. However, the high protein intake and high ketone levels may help minimize muscle loss, especially if you lift weights.
3. Can I build muscle on a ketogenic diet?
Yes, but it may not work as well as on a moderate-carb diet. For more details about low-carb or keto diets and exercise performance, read SALE 40 SALE sandals “Vinayanka" 40 SALE Boot sandals Boot 40 “Vinayanka" Z6px0w5q.
4. Do I need to refeed or carb load?
Magli Pumps Made Silver Italy Bruno 38 Leather in Open All Toe No. However, a few higher-calorie days may be beneficial every now and then.
5. How much protein can I eat?
Protein should be moderate, as a very high intake can spike insulin levels and lower ketones. Around 35% of total calorie intake is probably the upper limit.
6. What if I am constantly tired, weak or fatigued?
You may not be in full ketosis or be utilizing fats and ketones efficiently. To counter this, lower your carb intake and re-visit the points above. A supplement like MCT oil or ketones may also help.
7. My urine smells fruity. Why is this?
Don't be alarmed. This is simply due to the excretion of by-products created during ketosis.
Open Toe Made in Magli Bruno Silver Pumps Leather 38 All Italy 8. My breath smells. What can I do?
This is a common side effect. Try drinking naturally flavored water or chewing sugar-free gum.
9. I heard ketosis was extremely dangerous. Is this true?
People often confuse ketosis with ketoacidosis. The former is natural, while the latter only occurs in uncontrolled diabetes.
Ketoacidosis is dangerous, but the ketosis on a ketogenic diet is perfectly normal and healthy.
10. I have digestion issues and diarrhea. What can I do?
This common side effect usually passes after 3–4 weeks. If it persists, try eating more high-fiber veggies. Magnesium supplements can also help with constipation.
A ketogenic diet can be great for people who are overweight, diabetic or looking to improve their metabolic health.
It may be less suitable for elite athletes or those wishing to add large amounts of muscle or weight.
And, as with any diet, it will only work if you are consistent and stick with it in the long term.
That being said, few things are as well proven in nutrition as the powerful health and weight loss benefits of a ketogenic diet.